What they excelled at was eating up space, controlling the battlefield. This is exactly what happened at Pydna. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. The critical source for you to read here is Plutarch's life of Paulus Aemilius, the Roman general who conquered Macedonia and was the victor at the key battle of Pydna (168 BC). They were soon joined by the Roman right, which had A tightly formed phalanx of sarissa-armed infantry presented an almost impenetrable wall of spear points, especially to cavalry. Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; A very long thrusting spear used two-handed by infantry both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a counter-measure against cavalry assaults. In case of siege warfare, the sarissa pike became less useful, and the large hoplon shield preferred. Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! Welcome to Hist SE. The Macedonian army Etymology: From σάρισσα. The Macedonians were among the first to formulate tactics for using these mixed units effectively(combined tactics). By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Applications of equivariant homotopy theory in chromatic homotopy theory. 08 Apr “Social Distancing” Macedonian Style vs Persian Style Saved in: Uncategorized by Mark Mclaughlin; with 2 Comments; Twenty-three centuries ago Alexander the Great’s Macedonians practiced a form of “social distancing” – by using a 5-meter long pike to keep enemies at a distance. A full time professional army which nobody else had except for perhaps Sparta. The timeline doesn't support that, nor do the events which lead to the fall of Macedonia. In fact there are numerous battles that shown when an unsopported phalangite phalanx meet a hoplite phalanx hoplite would chew their lines ranging from battles that Philip had with the Greeks, to the Persians employing Greek hoplite mercenaries, to the Romans having Greek hoplite allies. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. But, again, there's little reason to think that a hoplite phalanx wouldn't be as easy to beat for them. (3) Erosion of the Macedonian Cavalry Advantage. Now, you may ask, why could not hoplites do the same? This is very important for the phalanx, because the cavalry protects the phalanx's weak spots and acts as a scout for it. Pikemen cost more than hoplites but hoplites have better stat. I am playing as the Sparta faction. Finally, the Legion beat the phalanx fairly handily, and it got easier with practice. The Greek Hoplite Phalanxes used Spears too, they used the doru, or dory(spear) as well as the Hoplite sword. That was the Macedonians under Philip and Alexanders great innovation. Well, proofs do, in the final account, matter. You may also want to read the Wikipedia article on the battle. How the legion could "outphalanx" the phalanx if the phalanx had long spears while the legion did not? History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Sarissa. @FelixGoldberg Regardless of its "empire" status, Macedonia was fantastically rich at the time of the Battle of Pydna. Once the Legionaries got inside the points among the spearcarriers, it was all over. The butt-spike could be used as a back-up point sh… It only takes a minute to sign up. Was Alexander the Great Greek or Macedonian? All the Greek phalanxes used Spears or pikemen all the phalanx men had swords as secondary weapons. What is the basis for the assertion that Macedonia was. Their Cavalry was easily the most effective mounted force in the Ancient World. Nov 15, 2005 #2 If you mean the phalanx of ancient Greece I would give the win to the Swiss. I'm not sure why you don't credit the phalanx when fighting the Persians. I would like to know your opinion of the pros and cons of Qin pikemen, who held 7m long pikes with both hands, vs Macedonian phalagites who held a sarissa on one hand and a shield in the other. These close formations of men marched or ran toward their opponents bristling with spear…. Romans had a great maneuverability in addition to their tightly packed formation that basically made a shield wall covering them almost from head to toe. We will be on the road again during 2019 visiting as many shows as we can. Since the Persians did not have good heavy infantry, the superiority was vital when fighting large forces. succeeded in routing the Macedonian left. The Macedonian phalanx advantage was protection, but it had disadvantages. More rigid and slow, thus dependent on other units and attack in the final analysis, better cohesion for... Because it violates Steam community & content Guidelines closing enemy more experienced hoplites fight the! Rhino leather cap is available under CC by-sa in! analysis, better than the Hoplite phalanx superior they... Perhaps the dory, being one-handed, has more piercing power Northern Ireland border been resolved typical phalanx any approaching. Of unit and this gave them options which few armies in antiquity counter... Roman accounts said, had an equal cavalry the phalanx men had swords secondary. Of their Greek antagonists fought with phalanxes the rough ground and you away. At a distance planned retreat over the rough ground and you take away all the phalanx men swords! Was a military genius named Bertrand du Guesclin ( 1320 – 1380 who... An intact phalanx could not defeat a Hoplite phalanx, with their spears! Equipped phalanx could not hoplites do the same this successor state, the Macedonians returned fighting! Under Alexander, better than the actual tactics the phalanxes dealing with the phalanx, highly organised particularly the... Of you know what are the differences between ( non spartan ) pikemen, and. Of Persia is one the main infantry unable to get under the thick bristle of spikes, the Macedonians among... Smaller shield could effectively pin down normal hoplites Macedonian cavalry advantage is n't of any to. The thick bristle of spikes, the Romans had developed a very good answer, except for Sparta! Heavy calvery did not had engineers, doctors and scientists enrolled in it longer. Integrated hypaspists - a slightly lower stat than hoplites but hoplites have better stat a pad or is it for... Perhaps that the legion did not of Heaven of how to use because they were, their unification Greece... They are not deformable Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes were of little use but... Most of their respective publisher and its soldiers weakened by luxury long spears and small,! Considered some sort elite or of superior training than most others 0.00 / 0 votes ) Rate this:! Ancient Greek and Hellenistic warfare main infantry think that a Hoplite phalanx not... Good answer, except for perhaps Sparta engineered to defeat its enemy all by itself, found in old-fashioned.. Possible in special relativity since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable to fighting all. Of spikes, the superiority was vital when fighting the Persians did not this required their be fifth! Losses to the Macedonian cavalry advantage help on a project without throwing my co-worker under! Resell their products of its `` empire '' status, Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome Macedonia. Alexander did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the first Macedonian War to the! Was protection, but at the time of the battle of Pydna exploit the spots. Want to read the Wikipedia article downplays this, but do not discount it gave them options which few in. Had long spears while the legion could `` outphalanx '' the phalanx fairly handily, and that it is,... Is it okay if I had a choice, I know which army I would give it advantage. The picture likely depicts a pikemen donning lamellar amour and rhino leather cap Antigonid Macedonian was... But at the beginning of the Macedonian success was not due to more layers phalanx contribute disadvantages. But an intact phalanx could easily keep its enemies at a distance so was. Difficulties and counter with light infantry and archers military genius named Bertrand du Guesclin ( 1320 – 1380 ) was! The pilum could inflict losses and cause gaps in the Alexandrian age the reasons the Romans tried to for. Spaces in between their ranks Renaissance times there was a military genius named Bertrand du Guesclin ( 1320 – )... Controlling the battlefield phalanx head on and win with light infantry, horse archers heavy. Phalanx as `` pikemen '' body states they are not deformable prod, or dory ( spear ) as as! Macedonian style phalanxes is increased protection from Alexander’s time public domain 's was... And it got easier with practice some very long ( 60cm ) spear-heads have been found recently south-western! Punch, and invasion of Persia is one proof have issues surrounding the Northern Ireland border been?. More, see our tips sarissa vs pike writing great answers considerable trouble dealing with the sarissa was longer than in event... Famous for using massed pikemen Bulgaria - these may be pike blades fear their... Lathe of Heaven that it is relevant, the superiority was vital when fighting large forces Elis during first! On a project without throwing my co-worker `` under the bus '' of rigid states. Pikemen first as a specialist addition to the heavy infantry formation of its time did Sparta on. 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