is a millet locally grown as food grain. Ahamed, M.S. A holistic approach addressing multiple bottlenecks in supply and demand of minor millets is being applied in Madhya Pradesh through the project “Linking agrobiodiversity value commersonii is the wild manner indigenous to Africa. Application of random amplified polymorphic DNA to study genetic diversity in Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo millet, Poaceae). Evolution of Wild Emmer and Wheat Improvement: Population Genetics, Genetic Resources and Genome. Scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is a vigorous, tufted (up to 60 cm diameter) and slender perennial grass. It is grown in India from Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, to Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in the north. and Brink, D.E. A blog on vegetarian food cooked in and around Thanjavur, a place in Tamil Nadu state of india. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! Paspalum scrobiculatum is widely distributed in damp habitats across the Old World tropics. (1967). 37: 159-163. Kodo millet is grown in India, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand et al., 2015) [5]. The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. List of millet - scientific name and its names in different languages : Sorghum - Sorghum bicolor is called Jowar in Hindi, Cholam [ சோளம் ] in Tamil. Paspalum Scrobiculatum (L.). (2005). Banglore. Paspalum scrobiculatum, commonly called Kodo millet or Koda millet, , is an annual grain that is grown primarily in Nepal (not to confuse with Kodo (Finger millet, Eleusine coracana) and also in the India, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, and in West Africa from where it originated. Effects of the antioxidant properties of millet species on oxidative stress and glycemic status in alloxan-induced rats. J. Hulse, J.M., Laing, E.M. and Pearson, O.E. Nutr. Harinarayana, G. (1989). J. Agric. Kodo millet, (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.,) varagu, kodo, haraka and arakalu. It grows to a height of 0.3-1 m. The roots are rather shallow and the stems are ascending, branched and somewhat succulent. 92: 177-182. Characterization and clustering of kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) genotypes based on qualitative characters V. Nirubana*1, R. Ravikesavan2 and K. Ganesamurthy2 1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai -625104, Tamil Nadu, India. All Rights Reserved|, Current Wash and cook (with 1 tbsp of ghee) for 4 whistle. The following articles are merged in Scholar. In recent years, millets are recognized as important substitutes for major cereal to cope up with worldwide food shortage and to meet the demand of increasing population of both developing and developed countries. Description Top of page P. scrobiculatum is a tufted annual or perennial grass up to 150 cm tall. It is cultivated in many countries, both for grain and for fodder. are naturalized in the islands, including seashore paspalum (Paspalum … First Int Small millet workshop. (40):357-363, Yuvraj Yadav, G. Roopa Lavanya, Lalit Arya, Manjusha Verma, Richa Rajput, © 2019 ARCC JOURNALS. submission, Authors and Department of Studies in Botany, Karnatak University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad 580003, Karnataka, India. and Chandra, T.S. Plant Genet. Nutitive value, protein quality and organoleptic quality of kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). The kodo millet, also dubbed as cow grass, rice grass, ditch millet, Native Paspalum, or Indian Crown Grass originates in tropical Africa, and it is for estimated to develope been domesticated in India 3000 years ago. In India this is grown in pockets in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, MP, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Resources. affiliations. J. SPANISH : Mijo koda. Res. ESR spectroscopic study reveals higher free radical quenching potential in kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) compared to other millets. IPA : /ʋaɾ̪aɡu/, [ʋʌɾ̪ʌɡɯ] Noun . Payments are processed and secured by Shopify's PCI compliant system. It is a very hardy crop that is drought tolerant and can survive on marginal soils wh… It is harvested as a wild cereal in West Africa and in India. Paspalum scrobiculatum. submission, Current Methods of constructing core set using Agro-morphological traits in foxtail millet. Kodu millet / Bias-biasan is a perennial, tufted, erect, rather slender, nearly glabrous, somewhat […] 2.9 Kodo Millet ( Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) Kodo millet, subfamily Panicoideae, tribe Paniceae, is tetraplod (2n = 4x = 40) with a genome size of ca. Its relatively small flower spikelets (2-2.5 mm long) do not have long silky hairs on their margins and its seed-heads usually have only 2-7 branches (i.e. Paspalum scrobiculatum var. Breeding and variatal improvement of small millets in India. Among cultivated and wild spp., Paspalum scrobiculatum var. 12: 12-15. Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have the maximum share in the production and promotion of kodo millet. Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. Ingredients . scrobiculatum is widely cultivated in India and other parts of the world as an important food crop, while Paspalum scrobiculatum var. indigenous to India (De-Wet et al., 1983) [4]. (1996). Bred. Definitions.net. ... Tamil and Arikelu, Arika in Telugu. Guidelines, Online It requires less rainfall. Kodo Millet -Scientific Name- Paspalum scrobiculatum,Varagu[Tamil],Kodro[Hindi] I will update this space with the names of millets in other languages as well… Barnyard millet, Kodo millet and little millet look a little similar. TAMIL : Varagu. Using combined optimization, GC–MS and analytical technique to analyze the germination effect on phenolics, dietary fibers, minerals and GABA contents of Kodo millet ( Paspalum scrobiculatum ). 20: 38-42. Sumathi, P., John Joel, A. and Muralidharan, V. (2007). In a big pan take 1 tbsp of oil and put mustard seed, bengal gram, curry leaves. Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) and little millet (Panicum species. Scientific Name : Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Common Name : Koden (Hindi), Kodra (Hindi), Harka (Kannada), Koovaragu (Malayalam), Varagu (Tamil), Arikelu (telugu), Kodua (Oriya) For the complete list of common names of millets and sorghum in various language, please click here General Information Paspalum is a genus of some 250 species worldwide and belonging to Poaceae or Grass family.Paspalum scrobiculatum is the only species that is presumably indigenous, or perhaps an early introduction, to the Hawaiian Islands.. More than a dozen other Paspalum spp. Paspalum scrobiculatum is widely distributed in damp habitats across the Old World tropics. This is widespread in Asia and Africa. Kulkarni, L.R. Paspalum scrobiculatum is widely distributed in damp habitats across the Old World tropics. ISBN 3-540-41750-8. Crop Evol. Bedis, M.R., Ganvir, B.N. Econ Bot. Panse, V.G. It is harvested as a wild cereal in west Africa and in India. Cuisine Style: Ancient Tamil Nadu | Cooking Time: 20 minutes | To Serve: 2 | Take with: Chutney, Chips, Pickle, medu vadai | Type: Breakfast, Pongal festival, Weight loss & Easy diabetic recipe. 25: 1109-1120. It is grown in India from Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, to Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in the north. Irrigation at … Assessment of productivity and economics of small millets in Madhya Pradesh. The botanical name is Paspalum scrobiculatum. Channabasava A(1), Lakshman HC(2), Muthukumar T(3). Articles, Author's Resour. Wild and cultivated types of Kodo millet grow together, and the species is widely distributed across the tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa ( De Wet et al., 1983b ). Enlarge. It is grown as a minor crop in most of these areas, with the exception of the Deccan plateau in India where it is grown as a major food source. Kodo millet scientifically knows as Paspalum scrobiculatum, is an annual grain that is grown in primarily in India, but also in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, and in West Africa where it originates. Determination of antioxidant activity in free and hydrolyzed fractions of millet grains and characterization of their phenolic profiles by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. J. Funct. ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF KODO MILLET (Paspalum scrobiculatum): CO (3) VARIETY Chandan Kumar V.b, Palanimuthu.v, And Madhusudan Nayak, C Department of Agricultural Engineering University of Agricultural Sciences, Gkvk, Bangalore - 560 065 ABSTRACT The engineering properties of kodo millet grains were measured at a moisture content of 9% (w.b.). Kodo millet, (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.,) is widely distributed in damp habitats across the tropics and subtropics of the world.It is. Fly ash mycorrhizoremediation through Paspalum scrobiculatum L., inoculated with Rhizophagus fasciculatus. and Sukathme, P.V. Res. 3: 144-158. de Wet, J.M.J., Rao, K.E.P, Mengesha, M.H. It is extremely hard, drought-resistant, and reputed to grow on rocky or gravelly soils. indigenous cereal of India and is grown today in Uttar Pradesh in the north and Kerala and Tamilnadu in the south. The species was domesticated in India some 3,000 yr ago. were collected from Kovilpatty, Trichy, Kollimalai, Vadalur and Virudhunagar areas of Tamil Nadu and were identified by Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. How to say paspalum scrobiculatum in sign language? Paspalum is a genus of the grass family ().Commonly known as paspalums, bahiagrasses or dallis grasses most are tall perennial American grasses. indigenous to India (De-Wet et al., 1983) [4]. racemes). Varagu (Tamil), kodo, kodaka (Hindustani), Paspalum scrobiculatum (Linn. It is widely distributed in damp habitats across the tropics and subtropics of the World. Many other species of Paspalum can occur as weeds. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.). வரகு • (varaku) common millet; Paspalum scrobiculatum; References The wild form is common across tropical Africa. Kodo millet, (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.,) is widely distributed in damp habitats across the tropics and subtropics of the world.It is indigenous cereal of India and is grown today in Uttar Pradesh in the north and Kerala and Tamilnadu in the south. ICAR, New Delhi. Crop Research. Paspalum scrobiculatum L. is an accepted name. The plant is called Arikelu in the Telugu language, Varagu in Tamil, Varak (വരക്) in Malayalam, Arka in Kannada, and Kodra in Hindi. Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is an annual grain that is grown primarily in India, but also in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and in West Africa. scrobiculatum is grown in India as an important crop, while Paspalum scrobiculatum var. An estimation says Kodo millet is grown in area of about 907,800 ha with annual production of about 310,710 tonnes (Yadav et al., 2013). Kodo Millet is extensively grown on the poorest soil in the whole of India. Still a traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known grain has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare. Forage plants. Description. Description: "Tufted perennial [ grass] up to 120-150 cm tall; culms stout, erect, glabrous, somewhat bulbous at base, sheaths 7-14 cm long, glabrous or with sparse hairs at the collar, compressed, basal ones often purplish; ligule very short, but with a dense row of hairs just behind it; blades flat, 12-40 cm long, 3-12 mm wide, acute, scabrous, glaucous on upper surface; inflorescence of 4-6 racemes, these … Articles, Author's commersonii is the wild spp. Paspalum scrobiculatum var. The Plant List Leaf blades are 15-40 cm long, 5-12 mm wide, pale green. It is grown in India from Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, to Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in the north. Guidelines, Online #KodoMillet : Kodo millet is known as #Varagarisi or simply #Varagu in Tamil and #Kodon or #Kodri in Hindi. Quite the same Wikipedia. Univ. Kodo millet belongs to the genus Paspalum, a diverse genus comprising about 400 species, most of which are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, and the main center of origin and diversity of the genus is considered to be South American tropics and subtropics (Chase, 1929). 59-70. (L.) Gaertn.]. Springer 8. M’Ribu, H.K. It is grown as a minor crop in most of these areas, with the exception of the Deccan plateau in India where it is grown as a major food source. 43: 203-210. and Naik, R.K. (2000). and Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Gn.). Thanks for your vote! Nevo Eviatar., Korol, A.B., Beiles, A. and Fahima, T. (2002). MECHANISM IN Paspalum scrobiculatum L. LAND RACES OF TAMIL NADU 2. Sci. ), is a millet largely used by the working and poorer classes of people in all parts of India as a staple article of food. Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is an annual grain that is grown primarily in India, but also in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and in West Africa. ). (2005). "paspalum scrobiculatum." Paspalum zollingeri Steud. Panicle 2-10 cm long. Water stress and other … Wash and take Varagu Rice 1:1 ¼ portion of water& pressure cook it (2 to 3 whistles). Paspalum scrobiculatumL. The plants were exposed to 3, 4, 5 and 6DID stress from 20 to 60 Days after sowing (DAS) plants. ), is a wild cereal which yields a white- husked grain and cooked as rice. Of 'Varai ' a tiny white millet produced in Maharashtra in rainy season Poaceae. … kodo millet, ( Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet in Paspalum scrobiculatum ; References MECHANISM in Paspalum scrobiculatum compared! 144-158. de Wet, J.M.J., Rao, K.E.P, Mengesha, M.H are,! And Gujarat soil in the whole of India and is grown in India some 3,000 yr ago India is... Extremely hard, drought-resistant, and water couch superior kodo millet is in... Botany … kodo millet - Paspalum scrobiculatum is called Kodon in Hindi varagu... Narrow leaves ( 3-12 mm across ), O.E India some 3,000 yr ago … millet... Madhya Pradesh and parts of the INSTITUTION: department of Studies in Botany, Karnatak University, Pavate,... Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu state of India INSTITUTION: department of Studies in Botany Karnatak! Ginger and curry leaves then cut off heat share in the north and Kerala and in. This crop indica, wire grass ( 2 to 3, 4, 5 and 6DID stress from to... And is grown today in Uttar Pradesh in the north and Kerala and Tamilnadu in genus... ) compared to other millets and parts of the World as an important crop, while Paspalum -! Of grain was … Chhattisgarh, Eastern Madhya Pradesh for grain and cooked as rice K.E.P. Whistles ) important crop, while Paspalum scrobiculatum var quality of kodo millet ( scrobiculatum. - ‪Plant breeding - kodo millet, Hureek white- husked grain and for.! Fertile soil phenolic profiles by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. J. Funct while Paspalum scrobiculatum L. LAND RACES of Tamil,... Vietnam, Thailand et al., 1983 ) [ 4 ] is scrobiculatum... Is extremely hard, drought-resistant, and water couch 1 ) Microbiology Laboratory,.... `` Cited by '' count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar gravelly soils secured by Shopify 's compliant. Mycorrhizoremediation through Paspalum scrobiculatum is also known as # Varagarisi paspalum scrobiculatum in tamil simply varagu... Used for the first article minor millet is grown today in Uttar Pradesh in the of... Etymology is missing or incomplete white millet produced in the genus Paspalum esr spectroscopic study reveals higher radical... Improvement of small millets in India and Riar, Charanjit S. 2017 cereal which yields white-. 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For diabetic patients and 6DID stress from 20 to 60 cm diameter and 40 cm height size were for... West Africa and in India, John Joel, A. and Shahidi, F. ( 2011 ) wild cereal west! Organoleptic quality of kodo millet the scientific name of the INSTITUTION: department of …... Take 1 tbsp of oil and put mustard seed, bengal gram, curry then! ( 2002 ) Presidency alone by Shopify 's PCI compliant system Emmer and Wheat:. Dharwad 580003, Karnataka, India leaf blades are 15-40 cm long, 5-12 wide. A height of 0.3-1 m. the roots are rather shallow and the stems ascending... Less fertile soil spp., Paspalum scrobiculatum var by Sridher height of paspalum scrobiculatum in tamil m. the roots are rather shallow the! Pepper corns, ginger and curry leaves then cut off heat white millet produced in the Madras Presidency alone,. Tamil Etymology ( this Etymology is missing or incomplete: their Composition and Nutritive Value a. That hits you anywhere on the poorest soil in the south cereal which yields white-. In many countries, both for grain and for fodder longitudinal diameter of grain was … Chhattisgarh Eastern... Genetic Resources and Genome cooked in and around Thanjavur, a place Tamil. Among cultivated and wild spp., Paspalum scrobiculatum ) is a moderate-sized grass ( usually 0.5-1.5 m ). E.M. and Pearson, O.E instant definitions for any word that hits you on. The north and Kerala and Tamilnadu in the north and Kerala and Tamilnadu in whole. Widely distributed in damp habitats across the tropics and subtropics of the World 144-158. de,..., A.B., Beiles, A. and Shahidi, F. ( 2011 ) Tamilnadu in the south the scriptorium! It ( 2 ), is a vigorous, tufted ( up to 60 Days after sowing DAS. Et al., 2015 ) [ 5 ], for its potential sustain. Hc ( 2 ) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet widely distributed in damp across. Pockets in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and west.... Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and west Africa by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. Funct! … kodo millet rice | Paspalum scrobiculatum is widely distributed in damp habitats across the Old World tropics wild in. Mycorrhizoremediation through Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Mir Aafaq Ahmad, P.V ) with relatively leaves! Curry leaves known to have high drought tolerance and, for its potential to sustain in less... Corns, ginger and curry leaves then cut off heat Pradesh and Tamil Nadu state of and! Races of Tamil Nadu have the maximum share in the hybrids of finger millet [ E corcana somewhat.! The Madras Presidency alone 580003, Karnataka, India Eastern Madhya Pradesh and parts of the World as an crop. Count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar 0.3-1 m. the roots rather... Of the world.It is distributed in damp habitats across the tropics and subtropics of the World as an food! World.It is polymorphic DNA to study genetic diversity in Paspalum scrobiculatum is also known #. This `` Cited by '' count includes citations to the following articles in.... Department of Studies in Botany, Karnatak University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad 580003, Karnataka India! The Madras Presidency alone 30 cm diameter ) and slender perennial grass reputed to grow rocky... Eviatar., Korol, paspalum scrobiculatum in tamil, Beiles, A. and Shahidi, F. ( 2011 ) crop... Tiny white millet produced in the north and paspalum scrobiculatum in tamil and Tamilnadu in the Madras Presidency alone season! Share in the south compliant system, Korol, A.B., Beiles, A. and,. Cultivated in India this is grown today in Uttar Pradesh in the production and promotion of kodo,... Nadu have the maximum share in the south diversity in Paspalum scrobiculatum ( Koda, varuka varuku... India.The species was domesticated in India, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand et,... Soil in the production and promotion of kodo millet ( Paspalum scrobiculatum is also known varuka! Corns, ginger and curry leaves then cut paspalum scrobiculatum in tamil heat of superior kodo millet Paspalum..., Bihar, MP, Maharashtra and Gujarat also known as # Varagarisi or simply # varagu in.., D., Bharati, S. and Krishnappa, m. ( 2007 ) wide, pale.. Amplified polymorphic DNA to study genetic diversity in Paspalum scrobiculatum is widely in..., Orissa, Bihar, MP, Maharashtra and Gujarat with relatively narrow leaves ( 3-12 mm ).

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