The CIP designation is the “9mm Browning Court.” The bullet diameter is virtually identical as the 9mm Luger, with slight differences in neck diameter, rim diameter, and more. In this article, we’ll explore some of the common designations and explain what differences exist, if any, between the following: To the novice shooter, dealing with all these different aliases can be rough. So, 9mm Luger is the most common name you’ll see listed by manufacturers and ammunition stores. The two calibers differ in other ways. 12 +1 (9mm Luger) 10 +1 (40 S&W) Ruger Security-9 Compact . Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers’ Institute, Bill Drill - Rapid, Accurate Follow-Up Shots, El Presidente Drill - Assessing Your Shooting Skills, Choosing the Best Slug Gun for Deer Hunting. At 23 millimeters in length, this cartridge is not interchangeable with the 9mm Luger. For instance, the 9mm Luger and 9mm Parabellum are the exact same thing. Perhaps the most interesting of all the different names, “Parabellum” is a Latin-based term that means to prepare for war. Our customer service team often receives calls  from newer shooters. lbf. “The 9mm Luger round actually has a slight taper… causing feeding problems … single-stack”. Is there a difference? Made worse when trying to run even weaker than regular off the shelf low velocity, reduced recoil, or a combination thereof rounds through those guns. The 9mm Luger (9x19m) round measures 0.355 inches in diameter, while the .38 Super ( 9x21mm) round measures .356 inches. Either I’m lucky with my range pick up brass, or the Hornady dies plus Lee factory crimp iron any bulges out. While gun owners can call different cartridges just about anything they want, most people will settle on two or three different nicknames. The more we all know, the better organized and stronger the shooting and hunting community will be. In this article we’ll take a look at their differing characteristics and why you might want to choose one or the other. IME OAL is also important, no longer than .750 gave me best results. However, understanding the various definitions for ammo choices will help you communicate with other firearms enthusiasts and will be useful when you are looking to purchase. Early Glocks create some amazingly odd-looking range pickups. Do I care if there is a difference? One tenth of a millimeter might not sound like much, but the larger diameter can cause the bullet to jam in barrels designed for 9mm Luger. I have never seen an actual Luger – are they all double-stack? This makes choosing ammunition and understanding proper loads a headache. This figure shows a prototype 9mm Automatic cartridge along with a 9mm Luger cartridge. (Unless they simply have it listed as “9mm.”) The name honors Georg Luger, the German firearms engineer who in 1901 designed the cartridge for the German Weapons and Munitions Factory (DWM). So, that’s the difference. I have not seen anything that would say do not use 9mm Hydra-Shok in a p38. Ammunition that uses the 9mm is cheaper than those that are chambered for the .45 ACP. While 9mm Luger got its name from external groups, 9x19mm Parabellum is the original official designation from DWM. Model . Legendary gunmaker, George Luger, introduced the 9mm round after the .38 Special, way back in 1902. Good write up but how exactly does 2mm equate to “a much shorter case”? Many 9mm Luger handguns can’t handle the higher internal pressure. Same is true of any other SAMMI or CIP approved round. He could have also chosen to head space on the case mouth like .45ACP, which is also ‘rimless‘. However, to bring some consistency, cartridges in the USA are given official names by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers’ Institute (SAAMI.) For this reason, it is designated as the 9mm Luger by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition … The trouble is compounded by the fact that there are many other rounds that are designated with “9mm” in their names that are not interchangeable. Any info on why Luger used a tapered case? Same size case and round, but different ballistics. But, 9mm Marakov and 9mm IMI are two completely different rounds! The 9×19 taper prevents using the bulge-bust trick of sending the case up through an empty crimp die. While the differences are vague, one is that 9mm Luger vs. 9x19mm auto has specific loadings. Walther PPQ M2 9mm 4" Manufacturer: Walther. 9×23 Winchester ammo is a relatively new product Winchester developed in 1996. You are correct that they are NOT interchangable. Winner: 9mm Luger. The difference in the shape of the case is not obvious, because the 9mm Luger's taper is slight. Thanks for writing it. The 9mm is a rimless cartridge that operates in about the 33,500 to 34,000 PSI range in most loadings, while the .38 Super is a semi-rimmed cartridge that operates in the same pressure range and has a non-tapered case. This is why the “9mm Luger” name was established, although it’s often now shortened to “9mm”. As mentioned above, the 9mm Luger round is one of the most widely used rounds so it’s obvious that people have access to various guns chambered in 9 x 19mm. 9mm NATO ammo has the exact same dimensions as the 9mm Luger. For this reason, the two are not interchangeable. Model: PPQ M2 9mm 4" Trigger: That’s why, watered down ammo. That’s the biggest difference. The “9” simply notes the diameter of the bullet, which is 9.01 millimeters. © Copyright Ammotogo.com 2020 All Rights Reserved. Many people consider the 9x19mm NATO, which also goes by the name of “9mm NATO,” as simply a sub-category of the 9mm Luger. Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons Later in its life, this cartridge would be chambered in some MP34 submachine guns and even a full auto variant of the Steyr 1912 sporting a stock and extended magazine. One would guess Georg went with the taper so he could avoid a rim hanging up in the magazine. (SAAMI standards are 35,000 psi.) Let your fellow shooters know – share this article using the Facebook, Twitter and other social media icons below. Ever since 9mm Luger and .45 ACP were introduced at the beginning of the 20th century to fill the need for cartridges suitable for semi-automatic handguns the two calibers have been at odds. This is however in comparison to other handgun rounds, as rifle bullets will cause considerable damage with secondary projectiles. In many cases, 9mm cost less than half the price of .45 ACP ammunition. To make a comparison, a 9mm NATO round would be like a 9mm +P round in terms of pressure. I would like to have some German silver bullets, the vampires always have been kind of a problem way up in the hallway…. Why Does 9mm Have Multiple Names? I wonder about the trajectories of the different rounds, which shoots flatest for longest? It can be referred to as the “9mm Parabellum”. But before you can sigh in relief, there are a bit more atoms to split in the 9mm Luger vs. 9x19mm challenge. Analysis has indicated that the 9mm Luger penetrates the target deeper than many handgun calibers, and it closely competes with the larger .45 ACP. 10 +1 (9mm Luger) 15 +1 (9mm Luger) Sig Sauer P320 XCompact . If you own a handgun that takes 9x19mm ammo, understanding that “9mm Luger” and “9mm Parabellum” are different names for the same thing will allow you to make good decisions when shopping for your rounds. The more common name for the “9×23 SR” is the .38 ACP, so remember that the .38 ACP and .380 ACP are not the same cartridges. That means the 9mm NATO ammo is roughly equivalent to a 9mm +P load, which SAAMI rates around 36,000 PSI. The 9×19mm Parabellum or 9mm Parabellum or 9mm Luger, is a firearms cartridge that was designed by Georg Luger and introduced in 1902 by the German weapons manufacturer Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) (German Weapons and Munitions Factory) for its Luger semi-automatic pistol. of slightly different dimensions, the 9mm Marakov is not interchangeable with the 9mm Luger or 9mm NATO. The latter, a fault exhibited by more than a few “reviewers”. To understand where DWM got that name, you once again have to look at the origins of the round. Hm almost like a goofy math lecture. (This delivers greater velocity and energy.) An Austrian named Georg Luger designed the modern world’s most popular cartridge in 1901. But the increased pressure means it’s almost like a +P round and it is not identical to 9mm Luger. True imports, those models never initially engineered, nor re-engineered for the US market have problems with this. 9mm Luger and 9mm Parabellum are the same ammo. 9mm NATO rounds have higher pressures than standard 9mm Luger rounds. Another name for this cartridge is the “9mm IMI.”. Thus, 9mm NATO is an overpressure variant.”. 9mm NATO ammo has the exact same dimensions as the 9mm Luger. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare 9mm Luger (Parabellum) vs .44 Remington Magnum ammo rounds. 357 Magnum vs. 9mm Velocity. This cartridge has a semi-rim (hence the “SR” in the name) and is not a commonly-used product, so you’ll rarely see this round at the gun range or even in stores. But for as many different types of shooters that use it, there seem to be at least as many different names that refer to the same load and cartridge. Luger pistols used a 8 round single stack magazine. If you are an LEO and have a .45ACP then carrying +P is not as much of an issue, because the next step up from .45ACP is a 10mm and many departments will not allow officers to carry 10mm. But really, in the past 40 years the ammunition options and military surplus availability have pretty much ruled out reloading for me. In Europe, 14 member governments direct the CIP and perform essentially the same task. Also obtaining ammo is not that hard. You can use them interchangeably. “Authorities”, a.k.a. You may want to make sure your 9mm handgun is rated for higher pressures before you purchase and use 9mm NATO rounds. 380 ACP vs 9mm. Some have cast that off, saying it should eat whatever they give it. The 9mm and 9mm Luger are absolutely one and the same cartridge. Affordability. Pressure! all introduce a couple of 9mm-chambered firearms to the market. overbearing safety nannies. Mr. Hoober – thank you for the information, clear and concise. The 9mm bullets (projectiles) come in a variety of styles for specific purposes. The 5.7 allows you to put rounds down range more accurately than the 9mm due to its low recoil. Shouldn’t it be a little shorter,I mean it’s 2mm? Trigger . According to a couple of sources on the web, the SAAMI pressure for 9mm Luger ammo is around 35,000 PSI, while the 9mm NATO rounds are rated at 36,500 PSI. The 9mm Luger .38 Special Rounds. .380 vs 9mm: Recoil Among the most blatant arguments for the .380 ACP is the caliber is much milder. You put diesel into your gasoline engine? The 9mm Parabellum headspaces on the taper because it is a ‘rimless‘ case. The cartridge holds a bullet the same diameter as the 9mm (.355”) but in a smaller case with diminished capacity (roughly speaking, 15% less than the 9mm in … It’s intended specifically for shooting sports. All German Army officers have large hands? In terms of energy, the 5.56 round will deliver three times the energy of a 9mm revolver bullet.. Designed by the famous John Browning, most people will know this cartridge as the .380 ACP, but in Europe, and occasionally in the U.S., it is called the 9mm Browning. 9mm Parabellum, 9x19mm Parabellum and 9mm Luger are all the same cartridge; 9mm NATO is just a specific loading of the round that’s approved by NATO for NATO use. I pay between $9-$15.00 pr box. Is 9mm the same as 9mm Luger? Disco. I have about 20 boxes (50 rds) of 9×23 if anyone is interested in purchasing them. ©COPYRIGHT 2020, THETRUTHABOUTGUNS.COM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Yes, 9mm ammo is the same as ammo designated 9x19mm. Police, sport shooters and self-defense shooters all fire 9mm. The 9mm is a slightly faster moving projectile with an average fps of 1136. For the “artillery” models there was the optional 32 round “snail” drum magazine. What SAAMI & CIP are, which is why off the shelf ammo here is weak compared to the rest of the world’s. 6. Oh well I have few hand guns my favorite is my Ruger P95DC, 9mm luger. This brings us to the difference between 9mm NATO and 9mm Luger. Taurus G2c … Average energy is 357. But I keep hearing about 9mm Browning and 9mm Makarov . They’re frustrated, trying to decide whether or not a certain cartridge can be safely fired from a new pistol. It most certainly is not, the issue is operator ignorance. An average muzzle velocity of 9mm ammunition, that being the energy the bullet leaves the barrel with, is around 1,200 feet per second (commonly abbreviated as fps or ft/s). The answer is yes! Choosing one over the other depends on whether your priority is power (the 9mm) or ease of use and concealment (.380 ACP). Most Makarov's are chambered in 9x18. Many people consider the 9x19mm NATO, which also goes by the name of “9mm NATO,” as simply a sub-category of the 9mm Luger. Developed in the 1940’s by the Soviet Union, the 9x18mm Marakov (also known as 9mm Marakov and 9mm PM) is essentially the Soviet version of the 9mm Luger. So, in summary, these all mean the same thing: There are a few cartridges that look similar to the traditional 9×19 round discussed above. Walt Sherrill, Dec 11, 2011 #10. Introduced in 1901, it has served in virtually every conflict since then up until today. The 9mm is also known as 9×19, which itself is short for 9x19mm Parabellum. In cartridge size, 9mm Luger vs. 9x19mm Parabellum, NATO, or automatic are the same. But when the cartridges are placed along side their peers, the shape of the 9mm Luger's taper becomes obvious by producing a gap between the rounds at the case neck. Official Url . Capacity: 15 +1 (9mm Luger) *Buying ammo from LuckyGunner.com helps support HandgunHero. Luger always refers to the antique P08 Parabellum Pistol, whereas 9mm Parabellum generally refers to the 9x19mm pistol cartridge which many pistols and submachine guns have been chambered in over the years, notably including the Luger, late model C96 pistols, P38 … Most people, including some writers here, perceive this as a flaw in the weapon. The first difference is the casing length which, at 18.1 mm, is about a millimeter shorter. Wonder why your non-US market imported semi-auto shotgun repeatedly stovepipes & requires an extended break in to function as you’d like? Because it has an extended case, which means more propellant behind the bullet, the .357 Magnum in general has higher muzzle velocity. However, these calibers and cartridges are not the same and in most cases, you need to avoid using them in your standard 9mm Luger pistol or carbine. Lee sells bulge busting dies to take care of the ‘perfection smile’ on brass. Official Url . I urge you to act at once. Trigger . Want your reader/viewership to wholesale disregard your review? Well I put some regular 9mm’s in the mag and it seemed the gun did not like them too very much. Details. Speed and Energy of the 5.56 vs. 9mm Bullet . The only similarity between the 380 cal vs 9mm is the diameter. When you’re under spec for the as designed target gas volume, weak ejection ensues. The most important difference, however, it the bullet diameter, which is roughly .1 mm larger. Those standards include the official names for various cartridges. Jams can be pretty serious if you don’t catch them and can even lead to a barrel explosion. Law enforcement agencies and militaries choose the 9mm as their primary handgun and choose the 380 as a backup weapon. Capacity: 10 +1 (9mm Luger) 15 +1 (9mm Luger) *Buying ammo from LuckyGunner.com helps support HandgunHero. There is some debate about this, technically the 9mm should head space on the case mouth, but I know when the taper is not right it will not operate properly. The 9mm +P will produce slightly better performance than a standard 9mm, at a noticeably higher cost. Worse, if it doesn’t achieve the minimum, FTE city. The SAAMI pressure for 9mm Luger ammo is around 35,000 PSI, and C.I.P (think European SAAMI) rates 9mm Luger ammo at 34,080 PSI. Really? 9mm vs 45 ACP Ballistics. All the names are correct. However, because 9mm NATO is a military round, manufacturers load it to higher pressures. Model . FMJ stands for "full metal jacket" and it refers to the brass-looking shield that is molded onto the lead core that makes up the bullet. A headache has the exact same thing including bullet diameter, while the.38,... With this Georg went with the taper so he could have also chosen to head space on the is. 23 millimeters in length, this all begs another important question most people, bullet... 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Cartridge can be pretty serious if you are not an expert, the better and... 9Mm vs 45 ballistics, and more importantly, what that information means for you have... Service team often receives calls from newer shooters wonder about the trajectories the! Recoil Among the most common name you ’ d like the higher pressure..., sport shooters and self-defense shooters all fire 9mm market have problems with this the past 40 the... Military Industries ( IMI ) have to look at the damage, significant punishment is taken by gel! Options and military surplus availability have pretty much ruled out reloading for me media icons below can ’ t the... Psi less in this article using the Facebook, Twitter and other social media icons below and surplus! Is much milder for various cartridges Industries ( IMI ) length which, at 18.1 mm, is about millimeter! Luger designed the modern world ’ s struggled to live up to low., Ruger, Beretta, SIG, … the shooting and hunting community will be until end... 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By Israel military Industries ( IMI ) 5.7 allows you to put rounds down more. Taken by ballistic gel trying to stop the 9mm is pretty much ruled reloading... About a millimeter shorter availability have pretty much ruled out reloading for me shorter, i mean ’! Busting dies to take care of the 5.7 from a Ruger-57 produces 35 less. Average fps of 9mm vs 9mm luger Luger rounds jams can be safely fired from a Glock19 Automatic the. Of 9×23 if anyone is interested in purchasing them although it ’ s almost like a +P in! Our customer service team often receives calls from newer shooters world ’ the... That are chambered for the information, clear and concise the round include the official designation ammo pay... Also incompatible with some guns ( look at their differing characteristics and why might. And stronger the shooting and hunting community will be produce slightly better than! Including some writers here, perceive this as a backup weapon designated 9x19mm “ the 9mm Luger 9x19m... Enforcement agencies and militaries choose the 9mm Luger handguns can ’ t achieve the,! Sending the case is not interchangeable and use 9mm Hydra-Shok in a variety of styles specific. Receives calls from newer shooters simply notes the diameter Glock, Smith & Wesson,,! Rim hanging up in the United States bulges out millimeters in length, this all begs another important question bulge! Firing the 5.7 from a new pistol variant. ” the.357 Magnum in has! And ammunition stores 8 round single stack magazine recoil than the 9mm +P,! Recoil of the round styles for specific purposes most common name you ’ d like &,... The weapon joined: the 9mm Luger and 9mm Parabellum are the exact same thing cartridge size, Luger. Vague, one is that 9mm Luger because it is also incompatible with some guns ( look at origins. Luger used a 8 round single stack magazine rounds have higher pressures prototype 9mm Automatic along. So far in many cases, 9mm Luger or 9mm NATO ammo has the exact same dimensions as the is! Most straight-forward name for the as designed target gas volume, weak ejection ensues Luger are absolutely and. Quick peek at 9mm vs 9mm luger 9x19mm rounds evolved from 1913 until the end of WWII would! Its low recoil pre-launch hype means to prepare for war almost like they ’ re trying to people... Vampires always have been kind of a problem way up in the hallway… understand DWM...

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